Regulation (e.g., feedback mechanisms, thermoregulation, osmoregulation)

Bioinformatics and Sensory Function of Mammalian Fur: An Analysis of Coat Patterning, Whiskers, and Trigger Hairs

The Turing pattern, which is further explained in the paper, is an observed pattern in natural systems ranging from cheetah print to coral growth. Alan Turing proposed a mathematical model to describe pattern formation based on reaction and diffusion rates of morphogens, and this model holds true for a vast…

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The Biomolecular Design of the Eye

In “The Optical Properties of Camera Eyes” the optical properties of the camera-type eye and how light can properly converge light onto the retina to endow an organism with a clear picture of its surroundings were discussed (Gedik et al., 2020). To summarize, the camera eye of many animal species…

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Sleeping in Flight: Adaptations of a Bird’s Brain

Flying has required birds to develop a plethora of tools to make it as efficient as possible. These biological tools range from different body sizes, body weights, wingspans, feather numbers and their distribution, to an increase in brain to body size ratio to accommodate more developed functions. Multiple types of…

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The Design of the Spine

This paper discusses the design of the spine in bison and how these animals support their heads without tiring quickly. Furthermore, the purposes of spinal modeling are discussed along with their real-life applications. The spine is crucial to the function of all vertebrates as it is allows movement, and stabilizes…

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Cephalopods and their Beak

From ants to elephants — and passing through sea cucumbers, adaptations in the animal kingdom are majestically diverse. For instance, means of travel include legs, more legs, wings, flippers and suction cups. Bodies can be scaled, slimy, furry, feathered, spiky, or armored and the list goes on. Basic feeding can…

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