Reflection vs. Refraction

The Biomolecular Design of the Eye

In “The Optical Properties of Camera Eyes” the optical properties of the camera-type eye and how light can properly converge light onto the retina to endow an organism with a clear picture of its surroundings were discussed (Gedik et al., 2020). To summarize, the camera eye of many animal species…

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Information Storage and Processing Analysis: The Barn Owl Ear

This report intends to discuss the organ of the ear from an information storage and processing perspective. To do so, the ear of the barn owl is used as a reference. The function of the barn owl ear from such a perspective will first be examined, followed by a detailed…

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Marvels of Eggshell Pigmentation: Why Eggshells Vary so Greatly in Color and Pattern

In contrast to their closest modern relatives, the family Crocodylinae, avian eggs dramatically range in egg size, shape and color. Primarily for protection from predators, many bird species have evolved unique phenotypes including colored shell markings that represent a novel development in the phylum Chordata’s gene pool. Selection for egg…

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Cellular and Echolocation Analysis: The Bat Ear

This report intends to analyze and discuss the organ of the ear from a biomolecular, cellular and tissue engineering perspective. To understand the general function of the ear from such a perspective, a focus is first placed on mammalian ears, more particularly on human ears, with the objective of illustrating…

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Comparative Analysis of Biomechanical Properties of Mammalian Fur

The presence of hair, or rather keratin structures in nature is abundant. A wide range of animals have keratin structures present in their physiology that serve diverse and varied purposes. Any animal’s fur is optimized for their environment, which leads to the wide range of keratin structures observed in nature. …

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The Optical Properties of Camera Eyes

Sight undeniably plays a crucial role in the lives of many organisms on Earth. Many species heavily rely on sight for their survival; vision provides to them the early warning stimuli signaling the presence of a threat. However, it also enriches our perception of our surroundings, giving it color, form,…

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